God Has Power
# 4 Live while millions die.
My Solar Winter
Cooker - Oven - Cake Baker.
simple beginning of understanding of the Laws of Thermodynamics is common sense.
I will not use any mysterious language. Heat moves
to cold ‘wherever’ it is. In the Oceans of the world. In the air around us.
In any kind of metal that is a conductor.
Heat ‘moves’ to cold.
It never varies.
The duty of a good cooker is to get and
trap what heat it can and keep it in the cooker. Simple! What we have to do is
trap the ‘short wave’ Sunlight in our box and convert it to long wave infrared
heat. Common sense says that any thing that is opposite or opposed to that goal
means failure. So get and keep the heat.
Sunlight energy is constant all over the earth from the Sun.
Almost 1000 Joules or watts of power in each
square yard. Just 36 inches square. In each hour. That
is a lot of power. Enough in one day to run every piece of machinery, and
electronics, heat homes of every person on earth and
supply all their needs for power for ‘one’ year.
day of Sunlight. The USA gets ‘twice’ the Sunlight
in one day
to supply all
the ‘Power needs’ for an entire year
for the USA.
Pollutions in the sky, (like smoke
and fallout) clouds, the weather in ‘some areas’ are the only thing that
change the power ‘for that area.’ So you have to take advantage of ‘every’ tiny
bit of chance you can to get the maximum power output.
We have to make a cooker that will work in the worst conditions and then we know
it will work anytime that it is better.
December 21 St. is
the shortest day
of Sunlight in the Northern hemisphere.
If it’s snowing we have no chance at all. But the next day after the storm everything is bright and great for
Sunshine even at 5 below zero. So lets make a cooker. 1st. we eat 2
or 3 pounds of cooked food each. So we have to cook 8 to 10 pounds for a family.
Unless you are a ‘Plyg’ who needs several cookers. I have used a 19 inch TV
cardboard carton box to begin with. It is 21 inches square inside and 18 inches
high. Measure out 14 inches from
the back-wall you have selected. And then using a ‘Protractor’ Mark the correct
angle for where you live using your
latitude plus 23:26 degrees.
That gives us a right triangle of A2+B2=C2
“Almost”! Not quite here. Because I cut the angle at 61 degrees we lose a
lot of un-necessary volume. (I have used 61 degrees
here in Parowan because
of my Latitude.)
We are trying to get the ‘most’ heat into a small area ‘quick’ to cook on a
short day. Now we have a very steep wedge that is 14 inches at the bottom by 21
inches wide. It is 21 inches wide at the back by 18 high. That is the
of the box. (You must calculate where you live, your
latitude + ‘plus’
the 23.27 degrees of Sun Angle on Dec 21st.)
Here at Parowan I am @ 37:51 North plus the – 23:27 South @ the Sun Dec. 21st.
That is 60.78 total, almost 61 degrees difference.
When finished the degree angle cut (You find out
and then compute your angle to
cut. References later on part
of this page.
Bookmark it here.
) that you cut will have the glass to cover it and we have more square inches of
glass than if we had just covered the box top or back wall.
to the Sun’ gives us maximum square inches
of surface and a ‘lesser cubic
inch area’ to have to heat to be able to cook food. Speed to heat on a short day
in winter matters. Put a 1 inch baffle on each side in
the back. Glue a piece of cardboard from that baffle to the front edge. That
makes those sides narrower in the back and they reflects better on the back
wall. Remember that
wall was 21 inches wide. Now it is 19.
Now ‘when’ we line the sides with aluminum foil the
‘reflections on the back plate’ each will be ‘wider’
to increase light in the cooker. Because the winter Sun is so low on the
horizon the top has no shadow.
We need that top part you will see as we make this cooker.
With other cardboard boxes we cut up we make pieces to fit every ‘outside’
exposed surface. Then with cheap glue we cover the entire exterior with aluminum
foil. Overlap and glue it together. Then we glue the pieces to the foil. So now
we have the original TV box covered in foil and more cardboard.
Then we do it all again. Three (3) more times so
we finish with 5 layers of cardboard with aluminum foil between each layer. It’s
still cheap! Glue and cardboard and foil. Plus your spare time.
Don’t get in a hurry. You are making the best cooker
that can last for years out of cardboard. Do it right! Overlap the cardboard
so the glue has good surfaces to stick to. You want it
to be air tight when finished.
Heat will find ‘any’ holes
you have and lower the cooking ability by escaping out that hole to the colder
place. That’s thermal law.
When finished we have a big chunk of glued cardboard that looks very
odd and awkward. Paint will help later on. Now we glue a piece of wood across
the top that is only 2 inches wide by the 21 inches across the top.
Then we find an old (or new) thin piece of aluminum sheet roofing. Cut
19 inches wide by 16 inches high. We screw a couple of
CUP hooks in the top underside into the wood from the inside of the cooker
to hang this piece of aluminum on
after we paint it
to absorb the Sun’s heat. And make a
couple of small holes to hang it on the cup hooks in the top of the cooker.
Then we cut another piece of sheet roofing for the bottom 20 inches wide and 13
inches long. Not 14 inches long to come all the way out to the front.
We don’t want it to touch the glass at the bottom.
We will also
paint it black with the ‘best’ BLACK absorber paint. Use
dull-flat black paint that does
Such as ‘Gloss’ Black does.
I have found “Krylon”
the best paint.
But first we have to understand that heat
travels by conduction. Heat on a pan on any stove
‘moves’ to the handle by conduction. If we lay the
bottom plate on the floor of the cooker then heat will be conducted to the
cardboard on the bottom and ‘out’ of the cooking area.
A loss that we don’t
want to have on short days of winter.
So we use some small wood pieces to raise the metal plate up off the cardboard.
The area below that plate will get very hot, but the heat will move to get up
‘into’ the oven. Remember it is 20 inches wide and the box is 21 inches wide.
The ‘back’ plate is hanging from the cup-hooks and does not touch the back wall
and therefore gives all the heat to the oven chamber.
It’s OK if the bottom and the back plate do touch because they both are
separated from the cardboard’s contact. They will get very – very hot in
in the best ‘absorber’ of heat. That means that it is
also the ‘best radiator’ of heat. I remember as a kid painting my ‘Hopped
up” Ford engine ‘Black’ to help give ‘off’ the heat when I was racing. Yea, I
got lots of tickets. Racing engines are black to expel heat!
So our ‘black absorber’ plates
hanging ‘and on the bottom,’ both absorb
and ‘expel heat’ into
the cooking area. Pans or pots or jars on the
bottom plate will receive heat by
‘conduction’ from that hot metal plate. I will show you
how to make it hotter at
the end of this link.
Earlier I spoke of the sides reflecting more light onto the back plate.
More light means more heat. You move into a shadow to get away from the heat, in
the light. Light comes to the earth all in a package. Many frequencies and
waves. The long ‘infrared waves’ are ‘heat waves.’
They enter the cooker as light but the ‘glass’ cover we put on the long angle
cut traps them inside the cooker. A few travel back out the glass. Some do;
it will burn your hand. To hot to touch. But
that’s only a fraction of the energy we have trapped inside this oven so far.
More to come. The entire inside and out side should be
covered with foil. Except
the two ‘Black
absorber’ plates. Why the outside also?
Remember that black in the best radiator of heat. We want the ‘heat inside’ the
going to the outside. See the ‘inside liner’ of a
thermos bottle. It is chrome, the keep the heat inside.
My 1st.cookers I painted dark. But I have
learned to do better now. Paint it white on the OUTSIDE if you want and see the
Now comes the expense. The glass. My 1st.
cookers broke the glass.
Now I spend the extra $5 and use ‘Tempered’ Glass made for heat.
2 feet by 2 feet or 4 square feet for $18 dollars for a lifetime cooker that
works when it’s at 10 below zero outside seems reasonable to me.
The power is off, and millions are getting killed.
Remember you have those 5 layers of cardboard glued together and it’s almost 1
inch thick. Well now you glue some insulation felt OR rubber weather-strip on
that area where the glass will cover the edges of the box. Be very careful to
not have holes for heat escape. Cost $2 dollars. So for
about $25 dollars you now have the best Solar cooker you can make yourself. We
are not done yet!
With the rest of the TV Box we started with we now cover those box parts with
aluminum foil to use like mirrors and reflect more light AND therefore MORE HEAT
into the cooker. Believe it or not! You can roast a turkey on 300 watts. We are
developing a thousand watts FREE from Sun power! Neat huh? Sunlight comes to
earth at about 1367 watts per Square Meter. Our atmosphere absorbs some. Kwh/m2
X 3.4 = Btu’s So you can have cooked hot meals when
everyone else is eating cold food because soon the entire power grid in the USA
has been destroyed by Nuclear bombs in this war coming upon the United States.
Sun on the Solstice December 21, is the
day of the year North
of the Equator when it’s at -23:
Geocentric Ephemeris of the Sun
From NASA. Click below.
With this information you can figure the
correct angle of the Sun for the next
4 years. The
‘Exact’ angle for each day if you want to.
just quote it for the rest of this year and 2003 coming.
For each month.
What we need to know is
in column 5 Degrees and minutes of
declination for the Sun.
Nov 22, 2002 is @ -20 degrees
December 22, 2002 is @ -23 degrees
– 26 minutes. That is our BASE.
So add that to your latitude
your ‘Glass’ angle.
January 1, 2003
is @ -23 -3 minutes So we are still near our
of 23 degrees. During
January 2003 the Sun goes from -23 degrees
to only -17
degrees South. So it has raised 6 degrees
So you have to change the cooker 6 degrees also.
What is your latitude?
A 6 degree change in the 4 weeks of
February 1, 2003
is @ -17
degrees South. During
this month it changes another -9 degrees to -8 by March. A
9 degree change in 4 weeks.
March 1, 2003
@ -8 degrees South. It changes to 0 on the
Spring Equinox on March 21, 2003
So 8 degrees of change in that first 3 weeks of
March. March 21, @ ‘0’ degrees. The last week
of March it gains 3 degrees. So an 11 degrees for the month of March.
April 1, 2003 @
+4 degrees North of the Equator. 4 degrees in
just 11 days since March 21st. And
a change from -8 South to + 4 North = 12 degrees change from
back on March 1st. That means it is a
10 degree change for the month of April.
Keep your ‘Glass’ exactly perpendicular to
the Sun for the best results you can get.
May 1, 2003 @ +
14 degrees North. And it goes to +21 North in this month of May. A change
of 7 degrees this month, about 2 degrees per week. A pretty even change. 2x the
4 weeks would be 8 degrees, huh?
June 1, 2003
@ +22 degrees
North. Just 3 weeks to get to the longest day of the year on June 21st.
at +23 degrees North. Notice only a change of 1 ½
degrees in those 3 weeks of June. June 22,@ +23degrees 26 minutes.
June and July are easy cooking months. Even you will sunburn.
July 1, 2003
@ +23: 8 Means no change in the cooker for
the last week of June. But big changes for July. From +23 degrees
down to +18 degrees. A change of 5 degrees in the
4+ weeks of July. A pretty even change each week. Keep the
to the Sun.
August 1, 2003
down to +8:52 means a 10 degree drop in August.
Pretty even over 2 ½ degrees each week. 10 degrees for the month.
September 1, 2003
@ +8:25 to ‘0’ on September 21st. The autumn equinox. From + 8 to 0 in 3
weeks = almost 3 degrees per week.
Big changes in cooking power that is lost. The
last week in September another -2 degrees is lost. So a total for the month is a
big 10 degree change.
October 1, 2003
@ -3 degrees to the end of this month @ -13:34 is a big drop of almost
11 degrees in 31 days. Over 2 ½ degrees each week.
See the NASA charts. Listed
below that are good till 2007 http://lep694.gsfc.nasa.gov/code693/TYPE/sunkey.html
November 1, 2003
@ -14:13 to -21:22 at the end of the month = 7 degrees of change in the 4
weeks+. Almost 2 degrees each week huh?
I have rounded numbers up or down to try and make it simple.
December 1, 2003
@ -21:42 to the winter solstice we lose 1:84 degrees in those 3 weeks.
December and January are tough cooking times.
December 21, 2003
@ -23degrees -26 minutes. The
day in our Northern hemisphere. What I used as the
January 22, 2004
@ -19 -52 Different than January of
as we move through the Universe.
February 21, 2004
-52 as we travel
at 67, 000 Miles per hour around our Sun. Remember
it was – 10 -25 things change.
Notice that I have a change of
46:52 from winter to summer.
So I have to adjust my cooker 47 degrees during
the year. I begin @ 61 degrees, and change to 14 degrees in the Summer.
Latitudes in the USA Below are some
All of America should add 23:26 degrees
to your Latitude to
compute your ‘Angle’ of cut for
your cooker. Here in
Parowan I need to
add -23:26 degrees
to my latitude of 37: 51 minutes =
For December 21st.
The winter solstice, shortest day of the year.
Las Vegas a 59 degree cut needed. Chicago 65
degrees cut needed. Salt Lake City a 64 degrees cut
needed. Denver 63 degrees cut needed. Los Angeles 57 degree cut on your box.
Phoenix at a 57 degree cut needed. Dallas at 56 degree cut needed. Boston needs
a 65 degree cut.
Canada at Montreal a 68 degree cut to be your best. Anyone else in Canada above
the US border and West of Ontario use a 71 degree cut.
So call your local Airport and find your
Latitude and add 23:26 degrees (round it up or
down to get to your latitude) to compute the cut you want to make on your
cooker. Or Click
below and use the US Navel Observatory Numbers.
type in your city and state and see the latitude. Notice that you can also see
the Sun Transit (HI-Noon) time for your town.
A cheap 99 cent
will help you cut it exact and make your
best cooker. So here in simple terms is what you do.
Use the protractor
and During the
month of January
2003 raise the front edge
We are counting from the 1st.
of each month now. During February raise
it 9 degrees.
During March raise it 11 degrees. During April raise it 10
degrees. During May raise it 7 degrees. During June raise it 2 degrees.
During July drop it down
5 degrees. During August down 10. During September down 10. During October
During November down 7. And during December down 2 degrees to arrive with the
glass back at 61 degrees on December 21, 2003
And begin again. Add those up and we are just ‘off’ one degree for the year.
But very close in each month. I said I rounded the numbers.
The cooker will work better doing just what has been suggested.
It’s to hard to
split ½ a degree on this or any cooker.
See NASA numbers.
Latitudes in USA
You can find various latitudes for the same place on charts with different
numbers because some are measured north or south
of town. But they are close enough to calculate Sun-power. For you to build a
good Solar Cooker. Have at least
300 square inches of absorber area to cook
food. Make any reflectors with aluminum foil that has an
85% reflective value. Draw a line across the USA from the North and South
Carolina borders to Los Angeles on the West coast. Anyone ‘above’ that line make
the reflectors 125% glass size.
Anyone in Canada make the reflectors 150% the size of
your Glass. That is necessary because the Sun is
always south of you at a lower elevation.
If you can ‘curve’ your
reflectors you get some parabolic gain effect.
Not done yet! Solar heat just cooks
slower than expensive heat. All day takes the
time you plan to cook anything. You
overcook it in the winter. Set the cooker in a South facing window
by 10 am. Let it begin to pre-heat up. At
11 am put in the food for your evening
‘hot’ meal. Position the cooker to get your maximum
Solar power at Noon if want to get the maximum
from your cooker.
Reset it ‘IF’
you can every hour. At the Sun. Smallest
At 3:30 or 4 pm cover the ‘Glass’ with a ‘reflector’ cover, a piece of
cardboard, with aluminum ‘foil against the glass’ and
then some old blanket. You can see the great loss of power and know when,
if careful. At 6 or 7 pm sit down with your family for a good hot meal. Bless
you all. I hope my links will help you to live. See them all.
God has power. CLICK HERE God has power #1
As I said this is # 4 CLICK
HERE to the Updates page.
See where I baked a cake in my cooker.
CLICK HERE Letter to editor.
About the coming attack on Iraq.
Put whatever food you cook in glass jars with lids tight
as you can. This makes less ‘steam’ escaping to fog up
your glass cover and also acts just like a pressure cooker on a stove.
Spray paint the jars ‘black’ to attract the heat in the cooker. I put a piece of
tape down the jar to peel off when the paint is dry. Then you can see what’s in
the jar as it cooks. Take them out with canning tongs because they get very hot.
My jars even reseal themselves, so it sounds like we are opening sealed canned
food. You hear the seal break even when the food is hot. Don’t try to can food
in your Solar cooker. The temperatures are not hot
enough for a long enough time to be safe.
Botulism can kill you from food poisoning in poorly canned foods.
So do it right or die.
Just use your cooker to
cook hot meals for daily use.
The ‘Glass’ will get covered with moisture
so seal the inside
of the cooker to help resist the moisture. I use clear paint sealer, as a sealer
to spray on the inside of the cooker before I cover it with Aluminum foil. I
have a dishtowel at the base of the glass to collect the runoff down the glass.
When you finish cooking ‘OPEN’ the cooker so heat escapes and takes
some moisture out with
it. Moisture ruins cardboard. The reason for the sealer.
Wipe the inside dry each time you cook.
Leave it open to dry out.
I (bottle) my homemade Sour-kraut
(#2) and other fruits for long storage. I have
fresh kraut going all the time because fresh kraut has hi – Vitamin ‘C’ for
winter colds prevention. Make your own kraut very easy.
CLICK Here # 2
Surprise! ! Your cooker built for winter
cooking works well all year long. Build it for the worst times. And it works
better in good times.
In the six months from the
cooking day on June 21st. the
longest`` day; to the shortest day in winter the Sun moves from 23 ½ degrees
North to minus -23 ½ degrees South. That is about 47
degrees in six months. But the ‘real’ value of the
Sunlight is not constant
during that time.
Anyone can make a Summer Cooker.
can for Winter. Just you!
The winter Sun is weaker as you realize. So we need to
adjust our cooker for the proper times. We shall begin our adjustment
using the December 21 St.
Winter Solstice as the
If we can cook then we can cook on any day of
good Sunshine between storms and bad weather. We shall
use the Dec 21St.
Angle in Parowan
The cooker base is
The back-wall is vertical.
You know that
90 degrees is vertical.
So when I say that in June the ‘Glass’ is at December’s
61 minus the 47 degree raise we have you know that the
is nearly flat. It is only 14
degrees above the horizontal. Because our
beginning was at 61 degrees. Huh. Not exactly because
we live North of the equator. It still has some
tilt, up just 14 degrees.
You realize the summer Sun is higher and hotter. But the only place
it is really overhead is way down below
Havana Cuba which is 23:8 degrees North. Radio 'Quito'
Equador in South America that I hear on Shortwave Radio is at '0' on the
we are in the Northern hemisphere. Sunlight is not even.
July begins the reverse process. Down 5 degrees.
August down another 10 degrees. September down 10 degrees. October down another
11 degrees, November down 7 degrees. And December 21St. down 2
degrees. And we are back to the 47 degrees change
That change is all
over the Northern hemisphere.
That is a closer figure of reality than just an average.
Because the ‘arch’ of travel of the summer Sun is greater than the winter Sun.
Have your ‘GLASS’
perpendicular to the Sun for best results
using those amounts for your best results. In general
most people will just say move it -15 degrees from summer to + 15 degrees in
winter for your area. That is too broad a statement to get the best results.
So find your Latitude and use
NASA figures and you will be
If you move
just recalculate for your new latitude.
Cook everyday it’s not stormy. Use your best cooker.
Also you can buy a sheet of plastic a some ‘Office
Supply’ store that can be put on a book page to
magnify it. It’s called a Fresnel Lens. Usually an 8 ½ X 11 is about 3 to
$ 8 dollars. Having that about 1 inch above the angle glass increases the Sun
power 2 X Times. The focus point is about 4 inches into your cooker. I have
mine at the bottom where the focus is on the bottom metal plate. That makes the
plate hotter and the extra ‘infrared’ heat is trapped below the glass
inside the cooker to the pans or jars of food. Glue it on small wood pieces at the corners
onto the glass.
The 1 inch airspace is needed to keep from melting the plastic on the glass. And
let me tell you boy it gets things hot quick. Even in poor light days. On
sunny days my cooker will cook anything.
I can bake bread and cakes and pies in
it. Biscuits, roast meat, cook all vegetables without water. Make cornmeal
muffins and mush for the next day’s breakfast. You will not stop eating during
this coming war, so prepare now.
See why I say this is the best cooker. My experiments are the
reason. CLICK HERE to see
See all my links and learn how to live. Bless you! This
Cooker described above really works. I wrote about it on the link below.
CLICK HERE to see
11/3/02 @ 3pm. No snow here in Parowan
yet. So my August vision of the attack on Iraq will begin in about a month. See
my Letter to the SUU Editor back in October about the 1st. week of December.
See the Letter Click above.